Watch out for dog infectious diseases

There are more than 30 common zoonotic diseases transmitted from dogs to humans:

Dog ascariasis: 100% of puppies younger than 6 months have roundworm parasites. After its excrement pollutes the environment, it hatches into larvae in the eggs, and the larvae can be infected by eating them directly or indirectly through the soil. The infection is more common among kindergarten children and elementary school students. Therefore, regularly check the dog’s blood and stool, and regularly give the dog roundworm medicine.

Dog filariasis: Dog filariasis parasitizes in the heart of dogs, with a parasitic rate of 30% -50%. It can be infected by mosquitoes sucking dog blood and then sucking human blood. It is more common in middle-aged and elderly people over 40. After human infection, it is mainly parasitic in the lungs, followed by subcutaneous eyes, uterus, liver, abdominal cavity and intravenous. If the larvae or adults block the pulmonary blood vessels, symptoms of pneumonia such as cough, sputum, chest pain, fever, etc. will appear, which is difficult to diagnose and is often misdiagnosed as pneumonia or tuberculosis.

Dog fungal disease: the most common infection is often due to cuddle and close contact, and tinea capitis and tinea corporis can occur. Be careful not to cuddle unsanitary pets.

Hydatid disease: It is caused by the larva of the dog tapeworm invading the human body. Usually parasites in the dog’s small intestine and excreted with the feces. After people eat contaminated water, fruits, and vegetables, the eggs widely invade the liver, lungs, stomach, brain and other organs, causing serious consequences.

Osteitis deformity: The dog’s body is parasitic with a chronic focal mucus virus, which spreads to the human body in the long-term contact between the human body and the dog. The incubation period of the disease is very long, with symptoms appearing after 20-40 years. It mainly invades human bones, causes osteitis, produces pain, and then causes the bone to become soft and deformed.

Rabies: It is the most dangerous infectious disease transmitted to humans by animals. It is a dangerous acute infectious disease caused by the rabies virus. The incubation period of rabies is generally 2 “3 months, but some are as long as 18-20 years. The length of the incubation period is generally related to several factors such as age, wound depth, wound location and wound treatment.

Ways of transmission of rabies

Due to the short course of rabies and the extremely high case fatality rate, which is almost 100%, the incidence of rabies is increasing. “Pet fever” is the main reason for the rising incidence of rabies in some areas. The main source of rabies infection is dogs. Followed by cats, in addition, there are many wild animals that can spread rabies. Sometimes animals do not get sick, but because they carry the rabies virus, these seemingly “healthy” venomous animals can also cause rabies if they bite people. In addition, eating the meat of rabies animals, contacting dogs with the virus and their blood and secretions, and contacting patients suffering from rabies may also be infected.