Spring management of dogs
Spring is the season for dogs to estrus, mate, reproduce and moult, as well as the breeding season for viruses, bacteria and parasites.
It is necessary to strengthen supervision of male and female dogs in estrus, to prevent loss and mismatch, and to prevent male dogs from being injured due to mate fighting. Injuries should be dealt with in time.
When the dog is moulting in the spring, it will cause skin pain and itching, chafing the skin and causing confusion. Due to the unclean skin during the moulting process, it is easy to get skin diseases such as scabies. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the grooming of the coat to keep the skin clean and prevent skin diseases.
Spring is the season when dog diseases frequently occur, and we must pay attention to the principle of prevention rather than cure. First, the kennels and sports grounds should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected, and the dogs should be regularly driven out of internal and external parasites. In addition, vaccines such as rabies, dog distemper, and parvovirus are also required.
Summer management of dogs
Summer is the most susceptible season for dogs.
The air is humid in summer (especially during the rainy season in the south) and the weather is hot. You must pay attention to preventing heatstroke and cooling to prevent food poisoning.
In summer, the dog is in a high temperature and high humidity environment. Because the sweat glands of the dog are degraded, it is difficult to dissipate heat, and it is easier to heatstroke in summer. Therefore, the kennel should choose a well-ventilated and relatively cool place. In the hot season, you should often wash your dogs in cold water baths. Avoid dog activities in the scorching sun, and usually go for a walk in the morning and evening.
Summerdog feed is prone to fermentation and deterioration, which can easily cause food poisoning. Therefore, the food fed to the dog should be fresh and heated and prepared; the amount of feeding should be appropriate, without surplus; the food that has been fermented should be discarded, and it must not be allowed to be eaten by the dog.
Summer is the breeding season for mosquitoes, flies, fleas, and lice, and we must do a good job of preventing flies, mosquitoes and lice.
Autumn management of dogs
Autumn is the most comfortable and happy season for dogs. Autumn is the season with the most vigorous metabolism of dogs. In order to increase body fat reserves and prepare for the winter, the dog’s food intake has greatly increased and become active. Therefore, foods with high nutritional value should be given in autumn to eliminate summer fatigue and prepare for winter. As the temperature is getting colder, this is also the season for dogs to shed their summer and winter fur, so you should pay attention to grooming and cleaning in time.
To promote the growth of winter hair.
Autumn grass is also the season of estrus, mating, and breeding, and its management methods are basically the same as those in spring. According to the physiological characteristics of dogs in autumn, in addition to the three items of management in spring (anti-mismatch, anti-lost, anti-fighting injuries), it is necessary to comb more hair and prevent colds, because the temperature drops in autumn, it will be cooler in the morning and night, and the temperature difference between day and night Large, dogs are susceptible to colds.
Winter management of dogs
The temperature in winter is cold, so pay attention to cold and heat preservation and sunbathing to prevent the occurrence of respiratory diseases and rheumatism in winter. Winter management must first take care of the cold protection of the kennel.
One: Move the kennel to a sunny and leeward place, and hang curtains at the kennel population to prevent the cold wind from invading people.
Two: The mattress should be thicker, and it should be changed frequently and exposed to the sun to keep it dry.
Three: It is to prevent thief from invading, plug the hole in the north wall, close the north window, and pay attention to opening the window properly to keep the air in the kennel clean and fresh, reduce the ammonia, and prevent the occurrence of respiratory diseases.
Four: When it is sunny and warm, you should take your dog out for activities and sunbathe in order to enhance your physical fitness and improve disease resistance.
Sun exposure is not only good for warmth, ultraviolet rays have sterilization and disinfection effects, and can promote calcium absorption, which is conducive to the growth and development of the dog’s bones and prevents rickets in puppies.
Cold temperatures will cause a large amount of heat energy in the dog’s body. Therefore, in the winter feed, a little oil, viscera, milk, and foods containing more vitamin A and fat should be added. This type of feed can quickly add calories . Enhance the dog’s ability to resist cold.